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Plato was considered as the father of Idealist School and as he really was. Plato portrays an Ideal state in his widely known work REPUBLIC. His concept of Ideal State was recognized as Utopian One. He wanted to realize the idea of good in his Ideal State.

Plato’s Ideal State had certain features that reflect his idealist and utopian ideas.

If you want to read more about Plato here is the list of recommended books:


THESE EIGHT FEATURES OF PLATO’S IDEAL STATE ARE:

  1. A Ruler Should be a Philosopher.
  2. Education assumes Important for the creation of the best ruler.
  3. The Spirit of Justice is supreme.
  4. The complete ban on art and Poetry.
  5. Society was divided into three classes.
  6. The rules and soldiers should live under the system of communism of property.
  7. There should be gender equality.
  8. The women of the Rulers and Soldiers are held in common.

Detailed Description of Above Features:

1. A Ruler should be a Philosopher, this was the striking feature of Plato’s Ideal State.
He envisaged that the government should be headed by a Philosopher-King who embodies the perfect knowledge and best suited to uplift the interest of his subject. Plato says a Philosopher has all the qualities that are necessary to run an effective government.

2. Education assumes importance in the Ideal State of Plato. It should be directly under the control of the Rulers. For the creation of good rulers, a good education system should be built up.

3. The Spirit of Justice is Supreme in the Ideal State. Justice in the state means the due performance by each individual of the functions for which he is best fitted by aptitude and training.

“Injustice causes civil war, hatred, and fighting, while justice brings friendship and a sense of common purpose”.

4. There is a complete Ban on art and poetry, as they appeal to baser instincts. Nothing goes to the youth without the approval and supervision of rulers.

He was against poetry because he believed that poetry deals with unreal.

5. Society was divided into three classes – ruler, soldiers, and peasants – all performing their function most dutifully. There should be a strict division of labor. This was the fifth most important feature of Plato’s Ideal State.

There is the principle of functional specialization which prevails in the ideal state. Every person performs only those functions for which he is fitted and gets training to perform his functions efficiently. No class interferes with the sphere of other classes.

6. The rulers and soldiers should live under a system of communism of property. They should not own any private property at all.
According to Plato a private property corrupt peoples and leading them to go against the state.

7. Gender equality is another important point in the Ideal State.

They are given the same training as is given to men. They are allowed to hold public officers along with men.

8. The women of the Rulers and Soldiers are held in common by men belonging to these two classes.

According to a system of temporary marriage one fit woman is married to one fit male for one year. After the birth of a child, the two are separated and joined to a different person of opposite sex provided he or she is healthy and fulfills the age qualification.

Women in the ideal state are fit for procuring children between the age of 20 and 40 and men between the age of 30 and 55.

The children so born of temporary unions between the best of men and the best of women are reared up under state control and educated according to their aptitudes. These children when they grow up are put into the service of the State.

See Also: 

Political Philosophy of Plato

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