Regulating Act (1773)
This Act is based on the Report of the Council headed by British Prime Minister Lord North.
Governance of East India Company was put under British Parliamentary Control.
Governor of the Bengal was appointed as Governor-General of all the three Presidencies which was Bombay, Madras, and Calcutta. Governor-General was empowered to make rules, Regulation, and
Warren Hestings was the first such Governor-General.
A Supreme Court was established in Calcutta.
Pitts India Act (1784)
The Act established six commissioners for the affairs of India.
This body known as the Board of Control was to exercise effective control over the Board of Directors, who possessed the charge of the administration of the company.
The control of the Governor-General in council over the presidencies of Madras and Bombay was clearly defined and rendered more effective.
The Charter Act (1793)
The power of the Board of Control was concentrated in the hands of the President, who virtually became the cabinet Minister for India.
The salaries of the members of the Board of Council and that of the President were to be drawn from the Indian exchequer.
The Charter Act (1813)
Trade monopoly of the East India Company came to an end.
Powers of the three Council of Madras, Bombay, and Calcutta were enlarged. They were also subjected to greater control of the British Parliament.
Christan missionaries were allowed to spread their religion over in India.
Local Autonomous bodies were empowered to levy taxes.
The Charter Act (1833)
The Governor-General and his Council were given vast Powers. This Council could legislate for the whole of India subject to the approval of the Board of Controllers.
The Council got full powers regarding revenue, and a single budget for the country was prepared by the Governor-General.
The East India Company was reduced to an administrative and political entity, and several Lords and Minster were nominated as ex-officio members of the Board of Controllers.
The Charter Act (1853)
This was the last of the Charter Acts. It made so many important changes in the system of the Indian Legislature.
This Act followed a report of the then Governor-General Dalhousie to improve the administration of India.
A separate Governor of Bengal as appointed the Legislative and administrative functions of the Council were separately identified.
Recruitment of the Company employees was done by Competitive exams.
Governor-General was empowered to put Company governance to an end at any suitable time.