The Hague Convention on the Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption is a multilateral treaty developed by the Hague Conference on Private International Law.

The convention was concluded in 1993 and adopted in the year 1995.

The Convention applies to children aged less than 16 years.

The convention protects children and their families against the risks of illegal, irregular, premature or ill-prepared adoptions abroad.

It also puts safeguards in place to make sure that all intercountry adoptions are in the best interests of the child and respects their human rights.

It also ensures cooperation among countries to guarantee that these safeguards are respected and to prevent the abduction of, sale of, or traffic in children

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