Why in News?

In a first, the Prime Minister paid homage to fallen soldiers at the newly-built National War Memorial on the Republic Day instead of Amar Jawan Jyoti beneath the India Gate arch. It is a monument built near India Gate, New Delhi, to honor the Indian Armed Forces, and it was inaugurated last year on February 25, 2019.  
The layout of the National War Memorial comprises four concentric circles, namely, the ‘Amar Chakra’ or Circle of Immortality, the ‘Veerta Chakra’ or Circle of Bravery, the ‘Tyag Chakra’ or Circle of Sacrifice, and the ‘Rakshak Chakra’ or Circle of Protection.


The National War Memorial complex includes a central obelisk, an eternal flame, and six bronze murals depicting famous battles fought by the Indian Army, Air Force, and Navy.  
The memorial is dedicated to soldiers killed during the Indo-China War in 1962, Indo-Pak Wars in 1947, 1965 and 1971, Indian Peace Keeping Force operations in Sri Lanka and the Kargil Conflict in 1999, and also those in the UN peacekeeping missions.  
Busts of the 21 awardees of Param Veer Chakra have been installed at Param Yoddha Sthal which includes three living awardees Sub Maj (Hony Capt) Bana Singh (Retd), Sub Major Yogendra Singh Yadav and Sub Sanjay Kumar.
National War Memorial represents the culmination of the collective aspiration of a grateful nation to pay a fitting tribute to the martyrs.  

India Gate: 

The 42 m-high India Gate was built during the British Raj as the All India War Memorial Arch to honor the soldiers who died in the First World War (1914-1918) and the Third Anglo-Afghan War (1919). The landmark has the names of soldiers inscribed on its surface. 

Amar Jawan Jyoti :

It is symbolized by an inverted bayonet and soldier’s helmet over it with an eternal flame burning beside it.
It was built in 1972 underneath the India Gate arch to commemorate soldiers martyred in the Indo-Pak War of 1971.

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