|Logo of NATO ( North Atlantic Treaty Organisation )|
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation) was formed on 4th April 1949 after world war II, It’s a military alliance that formed to counter-attack on the countries of the east in case of threatening and harming by them. The Major target of NATO were armies of the Soviet Union, Which continuously gain their dominance over central and Eastern Europe.
This Organisation established by the treaty called the ‘North Atlantic Treaty’ and is also called the “Washington Treaty”.
The Original Member of the NATO was:
United States, United Kingdom, Norway, Canada, Denmark, France, Portugal, Italy, Iceland, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg.
Later Joining members and signatories of the NATO were Turky and Greece (1952), West Germany (1955), Spain (1982), The Czech Republic, Poland, and Hungary (1999), Slovenia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Romania, Estonia, Bulgaria, Latvia (2004), Croatia, and Albania (2009), Montenegro (2017), and Macedonia (2019).
Spurred by the North Korean invasion of South Korea in June 1950, the United States took steps to demonstrate that it would resist any Soviet military expansion or pressures in Europe.
General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the leader of the Allied forces in western Europe in World War II, was named Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) by the North Atlantic Council (NATO’s governing body) in December 1950. He was followed as SACEUR by a succession of American generals.
The North Atlantic Council, which was established soon after the treaty came into effect, is composed of ministerial representatives of the member states, who meet at least twice a year.
At other times the council, chaired by the NATO secretary-general, remains in permanent session at the ambassadorial level. Just as the position of SACEUR has always been held by an American, the secretary-generalship has always been held by a European.
NATO’s military organization encompasses a complete system of commands for possible wartime use.
The Military Committee, consisting of representatives of the military chiefs of staff of the member states, subsumes two strategic commands: Allied Command Operations (ACO) and Allied Command Transformation (ACT). ACO is headed by the SACEUR and located at Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) in Casteau, Belgium.
ACT is headquartered in Norfolk, Virginia, the U.S. During the alliance’s first 20 years, more than $3 billion worth of “infrastructure” for NATO forces—bases, airfields, pipelines, communications networks, depots—was jointly planned, financed, and built, with about one-third of the funding from the United States.
NATO funding generally is not used for the procurement of military equipment, which is provided by the member states—through the NATO Airborne Early Warning Force, a fleet of radar-bearing aircraft designed to protect against a surprise low-flying attack, was funded jointly.