About Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)
It was founded in June 2001 by China, Russia, and the Central Asian states of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
It aimed to cooperate against non-traditional security challenges, in particular fighting the so-called “three evils” of terrorism, separatism, and extremism.
Unsurprisingly, the decision to accept both India and Pakistan as full member states in 2017 was received with scepticism by experts both inside and outside the region.
The fact that the SCO also strives to strengthen mutual trust and good neighbourly relations between its member states.
Since becoming a full-time member of the SCO in 2017, both India and Pakistan have participated in multiple meetings of SCO and the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) despite hostilities and tension in Kashmir.
The official working languages of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation are Chinese and Russian.
About Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure
It is a permanent organ of the SCO which serves to promote cooperation of member states against the three evils of terrorism, separatism and extremism.
It’s headquartered in Tashkent, Uzbekistan,
The Head of RATS is elected to a three-year term. Each member state also sends a permanent representative to RATS.
The 2019 Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) to be held at Bishkek (Kyrgyz Republic) on 21-22 May 2019.
Topic- GS Paper 2 –Governance