World Bank has recently released Women Business and the Law (WBL) 2020 index which measures economic empowerment of women.


The Index is based on the countries’ formal laws and regulations that have a bearing on women’s economic participation, covering eight areas (eg, parenthood, equality of pay).

It uses 8 indicators to measure legal differences between men and women as they transition through different stages of working life.

The indicators are:

Mobility, Workplace, Pay, Marriage, Parenthood, Entrepreneurship, Assets, and Pension.

Highlights of the index

Only eight economies scored a perfect 100 — Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Latvia, Luxembourg, and Sweden.

These countries have ensured equal legal standing to men and women on all the eight indicators of the index.

The economies that improved the most are Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Nepal, and South Sudan.

No economy in ‘East Asia and the Pacific’, ‘Europe and Central Asia’, or ‘Latin America and the Caribbean’ were among top reformers, the report claimed.

India’s performance

India scored 74.4 and ranked 117th among 190 countries.

It scored 74.4 on a par with Benin and Gambia and way below least developed countries like Rwanda and Lesotho.

Topic- GS Paper 2 – Women Empowerment

Source- The Hindu – Women Empowerment

Source- The Hindu 

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